1: THE WAITING FOR THE PROMISE OF THE FATHER
FROM ACTS CHAPTER 1
REVIEW OF THE BASICS
In the Acts of the Apostles Luke continues
the account of Christianity begun in the Gospel
which bears his name. In the "former treatise"
he tells what Jesus "began both to do and teach";
in the Acts, what Jesus continued to do and
teach through His Holy Spirit sent down.
The Acts concludes with the account of Paul's
earliest ministry in Rome, A.D. 65, and appears
to have been written at or near that time.
The events recorded in The Acts cover a period
of 33-61 C.E. Approx 28 years.
This book records both the ascension and promised
return of the Lord Jesus, the descent of the
Holy Spirit at Pentecost, Peter's place of
leadership dominates the first 9 chapters.
Peter is used to bring understanding to a Jewish
believers that would advance the kingdom to
the Jews, and later to the Gentiles in the
house of Cornelius.
heralds the supernatural beginning of the Christian
presence in the world following the conversion
and ministry of Paul. The Holy Spirit fills
the scene. As the presence of the Son, exalted
and revealed the Father throughout the Gospels,
so the presence of the Spirit, exalts and reveals
the Son, throughout the Acts. Clearly Jesus
works with and through each disciple empowering
them each to a greater work.
may be divided into two parts:
the first section (C1 to 9:43) Peter is the
prominent personage, Jerusalem is the center,
and the ministry is to the Jews. Already in
covenant relations with Jehovah, they had sinned
in rejecting Jesus as the Christ. The preaching,
therefore, was directed to that point, and
repentance (i.e. "a changed mind") was demanded.
The Old Testament promises concerning the Messianic
Davidic kingdom was given more clarity and
explained in the promise that the KINGDOM would
be set up at a later time with the Second Advent,
the return of Christ. (Acts
2:25-31; Acts 15:14-16).
This Messianic ministry to Israel fulfills
(the Parable of the Returning King) Luke
19:12-14. The righteous remnant of the
faithful of Israel suffer increased persecutions,
most notably the martyrdom of Stephen. The
Jews declared the message, "We will not have
this man to reign over us."
In the second division ( 10:1 - 28:31 ) We
see Saul converted. Hereafter, 'Paul' is prominent,
a new center is established at Antioch, and
the ministry is chiefly to Gentiles who, as
"strangers from the covenants of promise" (2:12),
had but to "believe on the Lord Jesus Christ"
to be saved. Chapters 11,12, and 15 of this
section are transitional, establishing finally
the distinction, doctrinally, between law and
grace. Galatians should be read in this connection.
HIGHLIGHTS FROM Chapter 1.
points from C.I. SCOFFIELD) Chapter 1 1:4
And, being assembled together with them, commanded
them that they should not depart from Jerusalem,
but wait for the promise of the Father, which,
saith he, ye have heard of me. Acts
When they therefore were come together, they
asked of him, saying, Lord, will you at this
time restore again the kingdom to Israel? Forty
days the risen Lord had been instructing the
apostles "of the things pertaining to the kingdom
of God," doubtless, according to His custom Luke
24:27 Luke 24:32, Luke
24:44 Luke 24:45 teaching them out of
the Scriptures. One point was evidently left
untouched, the time when He would restore the
kingdom to Israel; hence the apostles' question.
The answer was according to His repeated teaching;
the time was God's secret. ; Matthew
24:36 Matthew 24:42 Matthew 24:44 ;25:13 ;
1 Thessalonians 5:1 .
1:11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee,
why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same
Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven,
shall so come in like manner as ye have seen
him go into heaven. Come - -
The two Advents--Summary: (1)
The O.T. foreview of the coming Messiah is
in two aspects--that of rejection and suffering
Messiah; (Messiah Ben Joseph): (as e.g. in
Isaiah 53), and
that of earthly glory and power (as e.g. In
Is 11 Jer 23 Eze 37).
Often these two aspects blend in one passage
(e.g. Ps 2). The
prophets themselves were perplexed by this
seeming contradiction 1 Peter 1:10 1 Peter
1:11 . It was solved by partial fulfilment.
In due time the Messiah, born of a virgin according
to Isaiah, appeared among men and began His
ministry by announcing the predicted kingdom
as "at hand." (See Scofield "Matthew 4:17") .
The rejection of King and kingdom followed.
(2) Thereupon the rejected King announced His
approaching crucifixion, resurrection, departure,
and return (Mat. 24., 25). Matthew
12:38-40 ; Matthew
16:1-4 Matthew 16:21 Matthew 16:27 ; Luke 12:35-46 ; 17:20-36 ; 18:31-34 ; 19:12-27 .
(3) He uttered predictions concerning the course
of events between His departure and return
Matthew 13:1-50 ; 16:18 ; 24:4-26 (To Pontius
Pilate: “ - - But NOW my kingdom is not of
this world - - “ (4)
This promised return of Christ (2nd Advent)
becomes a prominent theme in the Acts,
Epistles, and the Revelation.
together, the N.T. teachings concerning the
return of Jesus Christ may be summarized as
(1) That return is an event, not a process,
and is personal and corporeal Matthew
23:39 ; Matt. 24:30 Matt.;25:31; Mark 14:62
; Luke 17:24 ; John 14:3; Acts 1:11 Philippians
3:20 Philippians 3:21; 1Thessalonians 4:14-17 .
(2) His 2nd coming has a threefold relation:
to the church, to Israel, to the nations.
FOR THE SPIRIT AND THE ELECTION OF MATTHIAS
(Acts 1: 12-26) 12 Then
the apostles returned to Jerusalem from the
hill called the Mount of Olives, a Sabbath
day’s walk[c] from the city. (less than
13 When they arrived, they went upstairs
to the roomwhere they were staying. Those
present were Peter, John, James and Andrew;
Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew;
James son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot,
and Judas son of James.
14 They all joined together constantly
in prayer, along with the women and Mary
the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers.
(Why did they attend to their waiting with
15 In those days Peter stood up
among the believers (a group numbering
about a hundred and twenty)
16 and said, “Brothers and sisters,[d] the
Scripture had to be fulfilled in which the
Holy Spirit spoke long ago through David concerning
Judas, who served as guide for those who arrested
Jesus. (Psalm 69:25)
17 He was one of our number and shared
in our ministry.” (psalm
18 (With the payment he received for
his wickedness, Judas bought a field; there
he fell headlong, his body burst open and all
his intestines spilled out.
19 Everyone in Jerusalem heard about
this, so they called that field in their language Akeldama,
that is, Field of Blood.)
20 “For,” said Peter, “it is written
in the Book of Psalms: "May his place
be deserted; let there be no one to dwell in
it,’[e] and, “‘May another take his place of
21 Therefore it is necessary to choose
one of the men who have been with us the whole
time the Lord Jesus was living among us,
22 beginning from John’s baptism to
the time when Jesus was taken up from us. For
one of these must become a witness with us
of his resurrection.”
23 So they nominated two men: Joseph
called Barsabbas (also known as Justus) and
24 Then they prayed, “Lord, you know
everyone’s heart. Show us which of these two
you have chosen
25 to take over this apostolic ministry,
which Judas left to go where he belongs.”
26 Then they cast lots, and the lot
fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven
QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER
How long did the disciples tarry?
How many disciples assembled?
Who were all of these?, Why so many? Disciples,
Disciples were to find a replacement
What were the requirements of the one who would
complete the 12 Apostles?
to Session 3